[14] In 2020, the National People's Congress passed a national security law that was highly scrutinized by the pro-democracy faction; it was a catalyst that provoked many protests throughout the territory. : 港), ist eine Metropole und Sonderverwaltungszone an der Südküste der Volksrepublik China im Mündungsgebiet des Perlflusses.Mit über sieben Millionen Einwohnern auf 1106 Quadratkilometern und einem bedeutenden Wirtschafts- … Field of LIFE but once, plain of DEATH 6. For local travel rickshaws gave way to buses, ferries, and trams. Imperial Airways set up a base in 1936. By the early 19th century, the British Empire trade was heavily dependent upon the importation of tea, silk, and porcelain from China. Political news dominated the media, while real estate took a major upswing. Most of these refugees were Chinese Song dynasty loyalists fleeing the Mongol conquest of Song China. Ying Wa Girls' School located in Mid-levels was founded by the London Missionary Society in 1900. [18], Evidence of an Upper Paleolithic settlement in Hong Kong was found at Wong Tei Tung in Sham Chung beside the Three Fathoms Cove in Sai Kung Peninsula. Canada. Cambridge University Press. Hong Kong remains an individual member of various international organizations, such as the. To understand the longstanding feud that keeps Hongkongers and mainland Chinese from getting along, you need to first understand the basics of Hong Kong’s modern history. THE island metropolis of Hong Kong is uniquely both a part of, and independent to, mainland China. In order to consolidate its rule, constitutional changes, the Young Plan, were proposed in response to the trend of decolonization so as to meet the needs of the people. Hong Kong's history has been written since 214 BC, when the first emperor of China conquered the native Baiyue tribes who inhabited the island. When necessity forced Hong Kong to find new sources of in­come to replace the lost China trade, its resourceful businessmen wasted no time. Thousands of refugees emigrated from mainland China to Hong Kong, and made it an important entrepôt until the United Nations ordered a trade embargo on mainland China due to the Korean War. A chronology of important dates from Hong Kong's history to the present day. The Hong Kong Flu of 1968 infected 15% of the population. [55] Along with housing issues was growing sentiment over the influence of the Chinese Communist Party and Chinese culture. During the Ming dynasty, Hong Kong was administered by Xin'an County. Wiltshire, Trea. However, there were also battles between the Chinese and Portuguese and soon the trading stopped. [13] In 2019, the proposed Hong Kong extradition bill was seen as another step taken by the Chinese Communist Party to undermine the law and human rights in Hong Kong, instigating multiple protests. Hong Kong was occupied by Japan from 23 December 1941 to 15 August 1945. The communist revolution in China in 1949 led to another population boom in Hong Kong. Trading between Portugal and China started soon after. ", "What you need to know about Hong Kong's controversial new national security law", "Report on the Date of the Wong Tei Tung Archaeological Assemblage", 2005 Field Archaeology on Sham Chung Site, "Hong Kong Museum of History: Lei Cheng Uk Han Tomb", "Last emperor: is Shenzhen the resting place of final Song ruler? Did you know? [First published 1987] (republished & reduced 2003). In 1513 the Portuguese explorer Jorge Alvares arrived in Hong Kong. In November 2020 the National People's Congress authorised the dismissal of any Legco members who are perceived to ask for help from foreign countries and who "refuse to recognise China’s sovereignty over Hong Kong". Post-British Hong Kong is just turning 18 years old. High life expectancy, literacy, per-capita income and other socio-economic measures attest to Hong Kong's achievements over the last four decades of the 20th century. [First published 1987] (republished & reduced 2003). E-Sports: An Emerging Sector E-sports is a short form for “Electronic Sports”, referring to computer games played in a competitive setting structured into leagues. On the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress established the Hong Kong National Security Law which came into effect on 1 July 2020. Hong Kong SAR passport holders have easier access to countries in Europe and North America, while mainland citizens do not. The early industrial centres, where many of the workers spent the majority of their days, turned out anything that could be produced with small space from buttons, artificial flowers, umbrellas, textile, enamelware, footwear to plastics. Christian missionaries founded many schools and churches in Hong Kong. 1845 –The Hong Kong Police Force is established. Special Jun 28th 1997 edition. Hong Kong’s chief executive, Carrie Lam, said the bill is intended to prevent Hong Kong from becoming a safe haven for fugitives. At the same time, the warnings of the 1997 handover raised emigration statistics to historic highs. Years later, in 1699, the East India Company from Britain … After Deng Xiaoping took over and assigned Hong Kong an importent role as a gate to the West, Hong Kong started booming. This location was most likely chosen to avoid strong winds from the southeast and to collect food from the nearby shores. The Golden Needle: The Biography of Frederick Stewart (1836-1889). More refugees came during the Great Leap Forward. British citizens (without the right of abode) are no longer able to work in Hong Kong for one year without a visa; the policy was changed on 1 April 1997. Hong Kong. ISBN Volume One 0-19-592723-0, sfn error: no target: CITEREFCarroll2007 (. Canadian Winnipeg Grenadiers fought at the crucial Wong Nai Chong Gap, which was the passage between the north and the secluded southern parts of the island. [citation needed], During the second half of the 19th century, the British became increasingly weary of the Chinese controlled islands surrounding their newly bought port. Higher income also led to the introduction of the first high-rise, private housing estates with Taikoo Shing. The British East India Company made the first successful sea venture to China in 1699, and Hong Kong's trade with British merchants developed rapidly soon after. Its manifesto called for occupation of the region's central business district if such reforms were not made. On July 1, 1997, Hong Kong was peaceably handed over to China in a ceremony attended by numerous Chinese and British dignitaries. A chronology of important dates from Hong Kong's history to the present day. China developed a strong demand for silver, which was a difficult commodity for the British to come by in large quantities. 2019 Diurnal Variations of Air Pollutants . The slaughter put Hong Kong at the centre of global attention. The Hong Kong 818 incident, inhibited by the visit of Li Keqiang, caused controversy regarding civil rights violations. After the Second Opium War (1898) the British negotiated a lease of the "New Territories" in which the British would receive newer outlying islands for 99 years. The pro-democratic bloc criticised it as not democratic enough. First National City Bank. After multiple pro-Democracy members of Legco resigned, the Government of the United Kingdom stated that the PRC was not upholding the Sino-British treaty. Aboriginal Canadians are First Nations Métis and Inuits who occupied Canada long before Europeans had even set foot in the country. The pro-Beijing bloc welcomed the Basic Law, calling it the most democratic legal system to ever exist in the PRC. The first gas company opened in 1862. Events like the 1967 riot filled the streets with home-made bombs and chaos. [citation needed]. The region of Hong Kong has been inhabited since the Old Stone Age, later becoming part of the Chinese empire with its loose incorporation into the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC). No. Despite early opposition to the ICAC by the police force, Hong Kong was successful in its anti-corruption efforts, eventually becoming one of the least corrupt societies in the world. 1843 – Hong Kong’s first governor, Sir Henry Pottinger is dispatched to take charge of the twenty or so villages on the island and conduct British trade. Conditions in public housing were very basic with several families sharing communal cooking facilities. This agreement was part of the Convention of Beijing that ended that conflict. A chronology of key events: 1842 - China cedes Hong Kong island to Britain after the First Opium War. [15][16], Archaeological findings suggesting human activity in Hong Kong date back over 30,000 years. It was quite wild and outdated region consisting from few fisherman`s hats. All of these regions were still under Chinese control when the empire went t… The plans had been well-made, with approval from the top. Hong Kong has been the subject of a number of academic and popular works of history, and research and heritage projects, but there is much that remains under-explored. English was firmly established both as a medium of education and literary expression during the 1920s. They are the indigenous inhabitants of Hong Kong. The population of Hong Kong had shrunk to 600,000; less than half of the pre-war population of 1.6 million due to scarcity of food and emigration. Buckley, Roger. The tiny island of Hong Kong … [1997](1997). Starting out as a farming fishing village and salt production site, it became an important free port and eventually a major international financial centre. Along with fellow students Yeung Hok-ling, Chan Siu-bak and Yau Lit, Sun Yat-sen started to promote the thought of overthrowing the Qing empire while he studied in the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese. Hongkong, Abkürzung: HK (chinesisch 香港, Pinyin Xiānggǎng, Jyutping Hoeng 1 gong 2, Yale Hēunggóng, englisch Hong Kong – „Duftender Hafen“, Abk. Current politics swirls around defining what Hong Kong is. [1997] (1997). The 2016 Legislative council election saw the localists emerging as a new political force behind the pro-Beijing and pan-democracy camps by winning six seats in Hong Kong's geographical constituencies. [46], Family values and Chinese tradition were challenged as people spent more time in the factories than at home. Current politics swirls around defining what Hong Kong is. In 1982, the British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, hoped that the increasing openness of the PRC government and the economic reform in the mainland would allow the continuation of British rule. Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China with a degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense. [47] Amidst all the struggle, "Made in Hong Kong" went from a label that marked cheap low-grade products to a label that marked high-quality products.[48][when?]. In Insignificance, Xu Xi ambitiously claimed that she was doing a little bit of what Dream of the Red Chamber was doing—to create classic images of what a Chinese novel coming into the modern world was like.. Insignificance is a collection of eleven short fictions dealing prominently with questions of the identity of Hong Kong people.