Hi Guys, Thanks fo visiting Channel Youtube channel in This Channel we are exploring The Tndonesian Culture, Traditional Hairlom, Heritages, Art and Ancient Temple all over indonesia.. enjoy.. Ethnic groups: Javanese 40.1%, Sundanese 15.5% ... Chinese 1.2%, other 15% (2010 est.) Indonesia has more than 13 islands with an estimated population of 237.6 million people spread across the islands. Indonesia - Ethnic groups Photo by: erwinova The indigenous peoples, ethnologically referred to as Malays or Indonesians, also are found on the neighboring islands of the Philippines, in Peninsular Malaysia, and even as far away as Taiwan and Madagascar. Some of the people living in the mountainous interior regions have been relocated to coastal areas, but—unlike the coastal peoples—they do not usually engage in fishing activities. The majority of the population (58%) lives in Java Island. As this is well over 90 million people, that means that the Javanese are used to living in tight quarters! Since independence, Indonesian (a form of Malay and the official national language) is the language of most written communication, education, government, and business. The regions of Indonesia have some of their indigenous ethnic groups. The ethnic group is largely agricultural with rice being the main crop cultivated. The Minangkabau, a community of devout Muslim wet-rice farmers in west-central Sumatra, hold a unique position in Indonesia as a matrilineal society, whereby inheritance and descent are reckoned through the female line. The territory of the Republic of Indonesia stretches from 6°08′ N latitude to 11°15′ S latitude, and from 94°45′ E to 141°05′ E longitude. As one of the most ethnically diverse societies, Indonesia consists of 1,300 ethnic groups with at least 95 percent native to the archipelago. note 1: according to Indonesia's National Coordinating Agency for Survey and Mapping, the total number of islands in the archipelago is 13,466, of which 922 are permanently inhabited (Indonesia is the world's largest country comprised solely of islands); the country straddles the equator and occupies a strategic location astride or along major sea lanes from the … 3) In addition there are many cultural influences stemming back from difference in heritage. The map was redrawn and made based on a large map of "Peta Suku Bangsa di Indonesia" displayed in Ethnography Room in National Museum of Indonesia, Jakarta. Most Javanese live in the densely settled, irrigated agricultural regions of central and eastern Java—the most populous parts of the country . The Republic of Indonesia, the world’s largest island, is located in Southeast Asia with part of its territory in the Oceania. New Guinea. Indonesia is home to over 300 ethnic groups and 742 different dialects. In many cases the highland groups of the larger islands—Borneo, Sumatra, and Celebes—were relatively untouched by international influences until the arrival of Christian missionaries during the 19th century; these upland peoples continue to reflect great cultural diversity. Indonesia was formerly known as the Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East Indies). Most of the smaller islands belong to larger groups, like the Moluccas (Spice Islands). Accordingly, Java is one of the most densely populated islands on earth. 271 million (2019). Photo by: erwinova. The ethnic group has borrowed a lot of its culture from the Javanese except for the less rigid systems. In terms of number and influence, nothing comes before Javanese (42% of the population) as the most prominent ethnic group in Indonesia. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US, The 10 Biggest Shopping Malls In The World. Four of the 16 groups of the Malayo-Polynesian family are Malayan. Indonesia Ethnic groups. Toraja, Sulawesi. The glue that binds the people together is the usage of the Bahasa Indonesia, the national language, and Pancasila, the national philosophy, which stresses the doctrine of unity and universal justice for all Indonesians. The majority of Sundanese are Muslims with a very few of them being Christians and Buddhists. These ethnic groups collectively account for 3.65% of the total population in Indonesia. Jakarta. Though these sub-groups are distinct, their languages and customs are related. Of the historically Hinduized communities in Indonesia, the Balinese are the only nonimmigrant practitioners of Hinduism. Its ethnic composition is characterized by variety, in fact wide variety, as the country contains hundreds of different ethnic groups and cultures. There are two major ethnic groups in the western islands of Indonesia that do not fit into this broad scheme of cultural categorization. Javanese culture flourished in Indonesia and the oldest civilization that has been influenced by other cultures over time. 4) Although Indonesia has the largest Muslim population in the world it also has a large number of Christian Protestants, Catholics, Hindus and … Ethnic groups in Indonesia – Indonesia is a large country with an area of 1,990,250 km² with various ethnic groups in it. Most Papuans of the interior regions live in small communities and maintain a complex of dialects, customs, and social structures that is distinct from that of the coastal peoples. Java’s western region, including the city of Bandung, is the homeland of the Sundanese, who are related to but quite distinct from the Javanese in language and tradition. Visit the UNICEF websitefor some very interesting statistics covering population, health… The largest economy in Southeast Asia, Indonesia – a diverse archipelago nation of more than 300 ethnic groups – has charted impressive economic growth since overcoming the … Javanese are also found in Malaysia, South Africa, Netherland, and Singapore. The latest count at the end of 1995 showed it had 195.3 million inhabitants. Indonesia Religion, Economy and Politics. The Javanese constitute Indonesia’s largest ethnic group, accounting for roughly one-third of the total population. Dutch policy allowed proselytization by Protestants and Catholics among separate groups who followed traditional religions; thus today many ethnic groups are exclusively Protestant or Roman Catholic. Indonesia has more than 300 distinct ethnic and linguistic groups, although the largest and most dominant in terms of politics are the Javanese at over 40% of the population. note 1: according to Indonesia's National Coordinating Agency for Survey and Mapping, the total number of islands in the archipelago is 13,466, of which 922 are permanently inhabited (Indonesia is the world's largest country comprised solely of islands); the country straddles the equator and occupies a strategic location astride or along major sea lanes from the … The third largest ethnicity is Batak from North Sumatra with 8.5 million people, accounting … Usually the similarity is in terms of heredity, language, biological characteristics, or behavior and culture. Eastern Indonesia is characterized by the traditional Melanesian cultural division between coastal, or “beach,” peoples and interior, or “bush,” peoples. In some areas of the country the conflicts between ethnic groups are more pronounced and, as we have seen in the news of recent years, quite brutal and violent. This paper examines and projects the dynamics of ageing in the five largest ethnic groups in Indonesia. But it is not tribalism gone mad. Indonesia's motto "Unity in Diversity'" signifies the country's myriad of cultures and ethnicities with all its people living together largely in peace. Ethnic groups are a group of people who have something in common between one member and another. There are underlying issues of political and economic power. How Many Serial Killers Are On The Loose Today? The burial tradition for these ethnic groups is very rich and complex with begu rituals performed on the body. Batak tribe is one of the largest ethnic groups in Indonesia. We Javanese are considered as polite, smooth-speaking people. Bali. Some groups continue to live in remote areas, where interaction with peoples and cultures beyond their proximate surroundings is limited. This section zooms in on the people of Indonesia. The largest economy in Southeast Asia, Indonesia – a diverse archipelago nation of more than 300 ethnic groups – has charted impressive economic growth since overcoming the Asian financial crisis of … The distinction between coastal and interior peoples is especially salient in western New Guinea, where maritime trading communities live along the coast, while agrarian, noncommercial societies with strongly developed and highly localized customs inhabit the interior. Away from the major cities and areas of dense population, there are significant variations from one valley to the next and almost from one village to the next. The people of the interior, such as the Asmat and the Dani, on the other hand, remained isolated for a longer period of time. The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated. Indonesia is a culturally very diverse nation. Those in the foothills and on the coast have affinities with other Melanesian cultures to the east and south of New Guinea. The cities of Yogyakarta and Surakarta (Solo), in the centre of the island, are strongholds of Javanese culture and maintain traditional rulers, although these leaders have no real political power. These communities tend to be small and relatively isolated, and they represent a wide array of cultures. The barriers of the mountains and the sea have protected the character and traditions of many groups. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. They identify with the bilateral kinship system that considers both male and female equally important in the society. The third group, the inland shifting cultivators, plant swiddens—fields that are cleared, cultivated for a few seasons, and then abandoned for several years to allow the soil to regenerate—in areas where the climate will not support wet-rice farming. In addition to this diverse population, Indonesia is also the world's most populous Muslim-majority country, as just over 87% of Indonesians declared Muslim on the 2010 census. The Batak value education and prominent professional positions especially doctors, teachers, lawyers, and engineers. Sundanese cuisine characterized by freshness is popular in most of the cities in Indonesia. Europe Map. Ethnicity used to be a political taboo in Indonesia, a country with more than 600 ethnic groups, but this has changed since the advent of the Reform era (1998). The islands are populated by a number of distinct ethnic groups. Indigenous ethnic groups Best-fit genomic mixture proportions of Austronesians in Island Southeast Asia and their inferred population movements. Many Indonesians may see themselves first by their ethnic and cultural group and secondly as Indonesians. How Many Serial Killers Are Active In The UK Now? The culture of this ethnic group demonstrates concern for elegance and refinement, courtesy, emotional restraint, politeness and consciousness to one’s social status. Ethnic Groups in Indonesia. Pura Ulun, a Hindu temple on the bank of Lake Bratan, Bali, Indonesia. Sundanese people occupy mainly the western part of Indonesia and numbers approximately 40 million representing 15.5% of the total population. Geography - note. Each island or group of islands east of Java also has maintained its own distinct character, in many cases strongly influenced by different religions. The country is sandwiched between Pacific and Indian Oceans. Indonesia was formerly known as the Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East Indies). Indonesians are a mix of Chinese, European, Indian, and Malay. These ethnic groups each account for at least 2% of the country’s population. Other ethnic groups in Indonesia include Madurese, Betawi, Minangkabau, Buginese, Malay, and Bantenese. Indonesia is a sovereign archipelago in Southeast Asia and the fourth most populous country on earth after China, India, and the United States.. Indonesia Demographics. As one of the most ethnically diverse societies, Indonesia consists of 1,300 ethnic groups with at least 95 percent native to the archipelago. Sundanese people are of Austronesian origin who migrated from Taiwan through the Philippines in the 1500BC. Typical of the coastal peoples are the Ambonese, who live along the coasts of Ambon and neighbouring islands, including western Ceram. They occupy mainly the central and eastern parts of the island. Indonesia includes numerous ethnic, cultural and linguistic groups, some of which are related to each other. Sulawesi. The indigenous peoples, ethnologically referred to as Malays or Indonesians, also are found on the neighboring islands of the Philippines, in Peninsular Malaysia, and even as far away as Taiwan and Madagascar. The population of Indonesia in 1900 was 38 million inhabitants. The diverse ethnic populations of western Indonesia generally may be grouped into three broad categories. In addition to cultivating wet-rice paddies, many Madurese raise cattle. Geography - note. There are 1,340 recognised ethnic groups in Indonesia.The vast majority of those belong to the Austronesian peoples.. Based on ethnic classification, the largest ethnic group in Indonesia is the Javanese who make up about 40% of the total population. Ethnic groups: Javanese 40.1%, Sundanese 15.5%, Malay 3.7%, Batak 3.6%, Madurese 3%, Betawi 2.9%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Buginese 2.7%, Bantenese 2%, Banjarese 1.7%, Balinese 1.7%, Acehnese 1.4%, Dayak 1.4%, Sasak 1.3%, Chinese 1.2%, other 15% (2010 est.) Over two thirds of the population resides in Java, the center of the country's economic and political power. Rituals evolve around individual’s life cycle from birth to death. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Nowadays in general Batak people follow the religion of Islam, Christian, and Catholic. The fact that the army (known as ABRI) high command still holds real power behind the new president, B.J. Batak. However, more than half of the population can be classified as belonging to two main ethnic groups. Major ethnic groups include Javanese, Sundanese, Madurese and Malay. The third largest ethnicity is Batak from North Sumatra with 8.5 million people, accounting … It consists of five major … Java. The Sundanese are the second largest ethnic group in Indonesia. Indonesians are characterized by smallness of stature, light to dark-brown pigmentation, thick, sleek black hair, broad formation of … All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, Largest Ethnic Groups And Nationalities In The United States, 10 Countries Where Women Far Outnumber Men, The Most Famous Serial Killers In America And Their Twisted Crimes. By 1950 it had reached 77 million. To make matter worse, due to these perceptions cling to particular groups, it then triggers riot and encourages tension among ethnic groups in Indonesia. Batak societies are patriarchally organized around clans called Marga with fierce warriors guarding the clans. Their language has heavily influenced the Indonesian language, while like many other Indonesians, they follow a heavily adapted version of Islam that is dependent on l… Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, The archipelago: its prehistory and early historical records, The arrival of Hindu religious conceptions, Growth and impact of the Dutch East India Company, The French and the British in Java, 1806–15, Indonesia from the coup to the end of the New Order, Economic crisis, public unrest, and the fall of Suharto. The local inhabitant highlands of the island of central Sulawesi, Toraja tribe are … Javanese values are promoted by cultural expressions such as dance, batik, gamelan, and wayang. Jakarta. Batam. Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. English: The map of ethnic groups in Indonesia. These ethnic groups include; Javanese people are the largest ethnic group in Indonesia with a population of over 100 million (40.2%) according to the 2011 census. Factbook > Countries > Indonesia > Demographics. Borneo. The Balinese, who live just to the east of Java on Bali, are known for their intricate irrigation systems and terraced rice fields. Javanese are known to be diligent, friendly, open-minded / highly tolerant, and good in politic. The Makassarese and Bugis live primarily in the coastal regions of southern Celebes. There is ethnic-based violence in Indonesia. Indonesia's motto "Unity in Diversity'" signifies the country's myriad of cultures and ethnicities with all its people living together largely in peace. While there may be hundreds of ethnicities in Indonesia, one dwarfs the rest. These ethnic groups each account for at least 2% of the country’s population. These ethnic groups are found mainly in the North Sumatra in Indonesia. Batak. But some of them also belive in some traditional beliefs such as Mali… The Moluccas reflect this pattern, although their proximity to the western islands makes them a more complex ethnographic and linguistic area. Family portrait, Tana Toraja; People of Angguruk, Papua; People from Waur, Kei Besar, Maluku; The ethnic diversity of Indonesia may be staggering, but the demography is dominated by a few main groups (more details in this article) Most of these ethnic groups are predominantly farmers and a majority of their populations are Muslims. They dominate the government, economy, culture, almost every sector. The first group, the historically Hinduized (but now primarily Muslim) wet-rice growers of inland Java, Madura, and Bali, make up nearly three-fifths of the national population. As early as the 1st century the population was estimated at 2 million people in this rich tropical environment. Total Area of Indonesia is 1,919,440 sq km (Land Area: 1,826,440 sq … The most prominent of the swiddeners are the Toraja of southern Celebes, the Batak of the highlands of northern Sumatra, and the various communities of the interior of Kalimantan, such as the Kenyah, Kayan, Ngaju, and Embaloh, who officially (and collectively) are called Dayak. There are thousands of ethnic identities in Indonesia and people identify quite strongly with their roots. These are the inland wet-rice (irrigated rice) societies, the coastal trading, farming, and fishing peoples, and the inland societies of shifting cultivators. You also begin throughout Indonesia to get real resentment of local indigenous populations to the transmigration policies of the Suharto government, which often meant moving Muslim Javanese into areas where another ethnic group was dominant and this led to competition for land, resources, and eventually for power.