Bustamante was born in Blenheim in the parish of Hanover, Jamaica, on February 24, 1884, and migrated to Cuba in 1905 at the age of twenty-one. Dr. Robert Love's People's Convention of 1894 and Marcus Garvey's People's Political Party of 1929 were two of Jamaica's earlier political parties. The Launching of the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP) Bustamante was a member of the PNP but he left the PNP and formed the Jamaica Labour Party on July 8, 1943. ALEXANDER BUSTAMANTE & EDWARD … [30] In previous statements, Golding stated that he and his party strongly opposed public displays of homosexuality in Jamaica and that he felt that they should continue to be illegal in keeping with Jamaican societal norms. [25] This is what Jamaicans classified as a "landslide victory".[26][27][28][29]. (2002 - present) Dieter Nohlen (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p. 430. When the election was run in December 1944, the JLP won 22 seats in the 32 member House of Representatives; the PNP four seats, and indep… It's of historic importance to note that Bustamante won his seat in Kingston but the PNP leader, Norman Manley lost his in St. Andrew. Portia Simpson-Miller and the PNP returned to power. https://jis.gov.jm/information/heroes/sir-alexander-bustamante-2 He was in the occupation that embraced every aspect of capitalism. [21], Golding resigned as head of the party and Prime Minister in October 2011 and was succeeded by Andrew Holness. The political movement was split and Bustamante founded the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP), in 1943 to prepare for Jamaica's first general election under universal adult suffrage. For the next decade (1962-1972) the conservative authoritarian JLP dominated Jamaican politics treating the state as an extension of the party which was itself an extension of Bustamante's labor union. Bustamante soon established his leadership in the rising political movement; in the 1944 elections the JLP won 22 seats in the local parliament, to 5 for the PNP. The voter turnout was 53.17%. He was the pioneer, the founder of The Bustamante Industrial Trade Union in 1938. Donald Sangster took over as acting prime minister after Bustamante's stroke. Seaga himself was considered a financial genius. He founded the Bustamante Industrial Trade Union following the 1938 labour riots, and the Jamaican Labour Party in 1943. The party was founded on 8 July 1943 by Alexander Bustamante as the political wing of the Bustamante Industrial Trade Union.Bustamante had previously been a member of the PNP. His parents were Robert Clarke, an Irish-descended book-keeper and Mary Clarke, nee Wilson, a small farmer. 3 talking about this. [23], Holness went on to lead the JLP to a narrow, one-seat parliamentary majority (32–31) in the 2016 general election, reducing the PNP to the opposition benches after one term. In 1993, the PNP, led by P.J. * The leaders of the JLP have been Alexander Bustamante and Edward Seaga. [11][12][13] However, it has longstanding ties to the Jamaican labour movement. Federal Parliament of the West Indies Federation, "PNP vows to hold referendum on whether to remove Queen, if elected", http://www.jamaicaobserver.com/columns/Norman-Manley-as-premier_17349996, http://www.caribbeanelections.com/jm/elections/jm_results_2007.asp, Pollster's diary: virtual motion picture of campaign 2007, http://www.caribbeanelections.com/jm/elections/jm_results_2011.asp, "Real 'Man A Yaad' - Holness clobbers Shaw to remain JLP leader", http://www.caribbeanelections.com/jm/elections/jm_results_2016.asp, "Jamaica's Ruling Party Claims Landslide Victory in Thursday's General Election", "Prime Minister Andrew Holness and Jamaica Labor Party retain power in 'tsunami victory, "Jamaica election: Andrew Holness' JLP re-elected amid rise in Covid-19 cases", "Jamaica's ruling party claims re-election victory in landslide win", Premierminister: Homosexualität ist nicht jamaikanisch, Violent prejudice against Jamaica's gay people must stop, Left Alliance for National Democracy and Socialism, Imperial Ethiopian World Federation Incorporated Political Party, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jamaica_Labour_Party&oldid=1016603743, African and Black nationalism in North America, Organizations that oppose same-sex marriage, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 April 2021, at 02:08. Alexander Bustamante was born William Alexander Clarke, in Blenheim, Hanover, on February 24, 1884. Later he founded the Jamaica Labour Party … In 1960 he was elected Vice-President of the BITU, second only to Sir Alexander Bustamante who was President General. Bee Keeper 3. Store Clerk 2. Tavares had come out on top in the first ballot, with Shearer and Robert Lightbourne being the other candidates. Donald Sangster and Hugh Shearer were first deputy leaders. Thwaites represented Prime Minister, the Most Hon. It won the 1944 general elections with 22 of the 32 seats. Entering politics, he joined the JLP and in 1959, Sir Alexander Bustamante appointed him to the nation’s Legislative Council (later to be named the Senate), and in 1962 he was elected to the House of Representative as the MP for West Kingston—a seat he held for 43 consecutive years. He campaigned for workers' rights, and he was imprisoned for standing up for his beliefs. He retired from active politics in 1967. Get the Facts – Jamaica’s Vaccination Programme, Get the Facts: Support Mechanisms for Persons with Down Syndrome, Get the Facts – Electronic Land Registration System, Do’s and Don’ts in Communicating with the Deaf and Hard of Hearing, Back to School Health Tips: Properly Wash Your Hands. … In 1942, while still incarcerated, he founded a political party to rival the PNP, called the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP). Bustamante had replaced Manley as premier between April and August, and on independence, he became Jamaica's first prime minister. the Jamaica Labor Party (JLP) and People’s National Party (PNP) emerged. Portia Simpson Miller; President of the Bustamante Industrial Trade Union, Kavan Gayle; and Dean of the Diplomatic Corps, His Exellency Jose Tomas Ares German. Lowest majority was returned by Mr. Roy McNeil in Central St. Catherine (a majority of 82). In 1949 the PNP gained, winning 13 seats to 17 for the JLP, and in 1955 and 1959 the PNP won more seats than its rival. Excellent Sir Alexander Bustamante, in honour of the 132nd anniversary of his birth, during a floral tribute at National Heroes Park, in Kingston, today (February 24). Governor-General, His Excellency the Most Hon. Alexander Bustamante had dominated the JLP with an iron hand, hence there had been no opposition to his naming Edward Seaga as the contestant for the constituency of West Kingston in 1962. The JLP remained in opposition following the 1959 elections, when the number of seats was increased to 45. It won the 1944 general elections with 22 of the 32 seats. [18], Shearer served as Opposition Leader until 1974. About Alexander Bustamante. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. In May 2008, in an interview with Stephen Sackur of the BBC, Bruce Golding PM and Party Leader declared that any cabinet formed by him would exclude any MP known to be gay. Patterson, won 52 seats to the JLP's eight seats, while in 1997 the PNP won 50 of the 60 seats available. Alexander Bustamante had dominated the JLP with an iron hand, hence there had been no opposition to his naming Edward Seaga as the contestant for the constituency of … The Right Excellent Sir William Alexander Clarke Bustamante (24 February 1884 – 6 August 1977) was a Jamaican politician and labour leader who became the first prime minister of Jamaica. He relinquished the post of House Leader in 1966. Dean of the Diplomatic Corps, His Excellency Jose Tomas Ares German, lays a wreath at the shrine of National Hero, the Rt. The JLP is a conservative party. Holness defeated Shaw by a margin of 2,704 votes to Shaw's 2,012. Jul 25, 2016 - Jamaica's head of Government is the Prime Minister. However, the turnout at this election was just 37%, probably affected by the coronavirus pandemic. After losing the referendum, Manley took Jamaica to the polls in April 1962, to secure a mandate for the island's independence. The party was founded on 8 July 1943 by Alexander Bustamante as the political wing of the Bustamante Industrial Trade Union. Jamaica Labour Party (JLP) The Jamaica Labour Party (JLP) was founded by Alexander Bustamante in July 1943. The Moyne Report, commissioned by the British govern… With his superior trade union strength, Bustamante led the JLP to a comfortable win in the 1944 General Election, with 22 seats in the then 32 seat House of Representatives. Christopher Tufton, observes boxes with the AstraZeneca vaccines from the Government of South Africa and the African Medical Supply Platform being unloaded on Thursday (April 8), at the Norman Manley International Airport in Kingston. Sir Kenneth Blackburne was appointed Governor General of Jamaica on 6 August 1962, appointed for Queen Elizabeth II (Head of State). He was born Alexander Clarke but later changed his name to Bustamante. Sir Alexander Bustamante was born William Alexander Clarke on February 24, 1884, in Blenheim, Hanover. Equally, we can be in no doubt that Jamaica was his home, his central focus and the arena in which he would demonstrate his passion for service,” he said. As a result, Norman Manley became the new chief minister.[15]. His party won the 1944 elections, and he became leader of government business and minister of communications from 1945 to 1953. On the 132nd anniversary of his birth, National Hero, the Rt. The first general election under Universal Adult Suffrage was held in 1944 and the JLP won 22 of the 32 seats. Bustamante left the PNP early and in 1943 founded his own political movement, which he called The Jamaica Labor Party (JLP). The JLP has always portrayed itself as a straight-up capitalist leaning organization. The Presidents of the JLP have been Alexander Bustamante, Donald Sangster, Hugh Shearer, Edward Seaga, Bruce Golding. Bustamante had political ambitions of his own, however. However, he did not relinquish the title of party leader for another decade. Bustamante had previously been a member of the PNP. Nació en 1884 en Blenheim, una villa rural de la parroquia de Hanover, y fue bautizado William Alexander Clarke. Michael Burke, "Norman Manley as premier". Sir William Alexander Clarke Bustamante was one of Jamaica's national heroes and the first prime minister of independent Jamaica. At the 1967 election, won again by the JLP, Bustamante … Sangster suffered a brain hemorrhage and died about six weeks after the elections, while he was preparing for his budget presentation. Pearnel Charles M.P. Bustamante, who was affectionately called ‘The Chief’ in his political life, was one of the country’s leading statesman. He was the undisputed leader of the party until 1974, when he was succeeded by Edward Seaga, who beat Wilton Hill in a bitter power struggle that threatened to divide the party. Pearnel Charles M.P. History [edit | edit source]. It believes in a market-driven economy and individual personal responsibility. As a young man, Bustamante was restless and traveled extensively between 1905 and 1934, going from Panama to … [24], In the 2020 general election, Andrew Holness made history for the JLP by accomplishing a second consecutive win for the Jamaica Labour Party, winning 49 seats to 14 won by the PNP, led this time by Peter Phillips (politician). When Bustamante became ill in 1964, he made Shearer unofficial head of the union and Donald Sangster the acting prime minister. As a result of the 1949 general elections the party won 19 of the 32 seats. He left the People's National Party to form the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP) in 1943. The country settled into a two-term victory cycle as it best reflected the divisions between the JLP and the PNP. In 1943 he founded the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP), with himself as head. Minister of Education,  Hon. When Bustamante was released from prison in 1942, he continued his anti-colonial activities and founded the Jamaica Labor Party (JLP) and served as the mayor of Kingston, the capital of Jamaica. Excellent Sir Alexander Bustamante, in honour of the 132nd anniversary of his birth, during a floral tribute at National Heroes Park, in Kingston, today (February 24). In the 1955 general elections the JLP was agai… His work experience includes, but is not limited to: 1. The last time a consecutive win occurred for the JLP was in 1980. Its influence upon Jamaica is due primarily to the skillful leadership of William Alexander Clarke, otherwise known as Alexander Bustamante. Returning Residents | Your Safety and Security Guide to Resettling in Jamaica, Returning Residents | Returning Citizens’ Information Guide, Jamaicans Overseas & Consular Affairs Department, Eligibility and Basic Provisions for Returning Resident Status, More Than 1000 Vaccinated at Montego Bay Convention Centre, Vaccinating Tourism Workers Puts Jamaica Ahead of the Game – Minister Bartlett, Matilda’s Corner District Consultative Committee Launched, CISOCA Urges Increased Monitoring of Children’s Online Use, The National Environment and Planning Agency (NEPA) is Urging Treatment Plants To Update Treatment Plant License March 31 2021, Studio 58A Live Discusses the IGNITE Programme with the Jamaica Business Development Corporation (JBDC) March 31 2021, Three New Categories now Eligible for Vaccination, Acting President of the University of Technology (UTech), Ambassador Burchell Whiteman, in his tribute to Sir Alexander, described him as “a giant of a man who played a significant role in laying the foundations of the democracy and the promotion of workers’ rights which we enjoy today.”. “Sir Alexander was ahead of his time in factoring an experience of the wider world as part of his preparation to lead his country into the community of nations. He was born Alexander Clarke but later changed his name to Bustamante. Coombs. Hon. In 1937 he was elected as treasurer of the Jamaica Workers' Union (JWU), which had been founded by labour activist Allan G.S. [20] This election ended 18 years of PNP rule, and Bruce Golding became the new prime minister. The Right Excellent Sir William Alexander Clarke Bustamante (24 February 1884 – 6 August 1977) was a Jamaican politician and labour leader who became the first prime minister of Jamaica. Under Shearer, the JLP lost power in independent Jamaica for the first time to the People's National Party and Michael Manley in 1972. In 1962 when the JLP was returned to office, Sir Donald was re-appointed as Minister of Finance and House Leader, and was subsequently appointed as Deputy Prime Minister. The party had membership represented by Ashenheim and John P. Gyles, the landed gentry and the tokenism of Isaac Barrant. Rev. In 1947 Bustamante was … 1 (876) 926-3590-4 Sir Alexander Bustamante was born William Alexander Clarke on February 24, 1884 in Blenheim, Hanover. On the other side of the aisle, the JLP was founded by Sir Alexander Bustamante on July 8, 1943. Aug 16, 2014 - While the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP) was celebrating its revered founder Sir Alexander Bustamante last week, a Canadian-based Jamaican journalist was [19] Patterson stepped down on 26 February 2006, and was replaced by Portia Simpson-Miller, Jamaica's first female Prime Minister. Sir Alexander Bustamante became the champion of the working class when he advocated their cause during 1937 and 1938, a period of major social unrest. The JLP won 33 of the 53 seats, while the PNP took 18 seats. On 10 April 1962, of the 45 seats up for contention in the 1962 Jamaican general election, the JLP won 26 seats and the PNP 19. Within the evolution of their support base Jamaican politicians such as Alexander Bustamante utilized their influence over local constituencies to create a garrison form of mobilization that relied heavily upon violence. Bustamante was a member of the PNP but he left the PNP and formed the Jamaica Labour Party on July 8, 1943. Sir Alexander Bustamante became the first Prime Minister of Independent Jamaica in 1962. The voter turnout dipped below 50% for the first time, registering just 48.37%. Sign Up. Bustamante is honoured in Jamaica with the title National Hero of Jamaica in recognition of his achievements. Nació en 1884 en Blenheim, una villa rural de la parroquia de Hanover, y fue bautizado William Alexander Clarke. We muss memba say (Sir Alexander) Bustamante was a member of the PNP before him go over to JLP. Sir Donald accompanied then Prime Minister and later National Hero, the Rt. Read our. Jamaica Labour Party The Jamaica Labour Party (JLP) is one of the two remaining political parties in Jamaica. The turnout was a very high 85 percent. Largest majorities were received by Sir Alexander Bustamante, JLP Leader in South Eastern Clarendon (a majority of 6,850) and by the Deputy JLP Leader, Mr. Donald Sangster (a majority of 6,141). Governor-General, His Excellency the Most Hon. Tramcar Inspector 6. [18], Seaga became Prime Minister after victory in 1980 when the party won by a landslide, capturing 51 of the then 60 parliamentary seats. The Rt. This represented a stark contrast to those who sought to enhance social benefits which were denied to the persons at the … Lowest majority was returned by Mr. Roy McNeil in Central St. Catherine (a majority of 82). Alexander Bustamante was born in the parish of Hanover, Jamaica, in 1884. [31] He justified the illegality of homosexual acts by referring to Christian values and the integrity of the family.[32][33]. Hon. The number of seats had been increased to 63, and the PNP swept to power with a landslide 42 seats to the JLP's 21. In 1943 he founded the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP), which he headed. The PNP received more votes (203,048) than the JLP (199,538), but the JLP secured more seats; 17 to the PNP's 13. or. As the party grew, it apparently presented conflicts for a prominent member, Sir Alexander Bustamante. It is the current governing party, having won 49 of the 63 parliamentary seats in the lower house of parliament (House of Representatives) in the 2020 general elections. Considered one of the founding fathers of modern Jamaica, he was passionate about people and their welfare, particularly the poor working class and was a vanguard for human rights and national development. 1 (876) 926-3740-6, GOJ News | Presented by: Anjuii James Sawyers. In 1943, Bustamante founded the Jamaica Labour Party(JLP), and was also its first leader. The voter turnout with 65.1%. Rev. Bustamante had previously been a member of the PNP. What Are The Damages That A Hurricane Can Cause? Bustamante finally gave up the post of party leader in 1974, and Edward Seaga was elected his successor. In 1943 he founded the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP), which he headed. The Presidents of the JLP have been Alexander Bustamante, Donald Sangster, Hugh Shearer, Edward Seaga, Bruce Golding. The first general election under Universal Adult Suffrage came in 1944 and the JLP won 22 of the 32 seats. Physically impressive, standing approximately 6’5’ with gangling gait. Manley was appointed Jamaica's first premier on 14 August 1959. Bustamante also wanted to be recognized as a political leader in addition to being a Trade Union Leader. 1967 – The sixth General Parliamentary Election was held on February 12. William Alexander Bustamante (1884-1977) was Jamaica's first Prime Minister. It is again ironic that unlike other ‘Labor’ parties throughout the world, which are of a socialist ilk, the JLP was not. Jamaica became an independent nation on August 6, 1962. Leader of the Opposition, Andrew Holness (right), places a wreath at the shrine of National Hero, the Rt. 4 talking about this. To avoid disqualification from nomination as a candidate under a name not legally his own, he became William Alexander Bustamante by deed poll. The first general election under Universal Adult Suffrage came in 1944 and the JLP won 22 of the 32 seats. Minister of Health and Wellness, Dr. the Hon. Observing is  Constable Shaneika Murray-Bartley. Leon was a member of the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP, formed in 1943), serving as party chair from 1948 to 1960. [22], Holness continued to lead the party as Opposition Leader. Sir Alexander was a moneylender. The Rt. Excellent Sir Alexander Bustamante, in honour of the 132nd anniversary of his birth, during a floral tribute at National Heroes Park, in Kingston, on Wednesday, February 24. [18] In the 2002 Jamaican general election, the PNP retained power with a reduced seat majority of 34 seats to 26. The BITU In addition, both individuals were staunchly opposed by British colonial officials. Junior Estate Overseer 5. Alexander Bustamante and Norman Manley, National Heroes of Jamaica, were cousins who steered Jamaica in the tumultuous years from 1938 through to Independence in 1962 (and beyond). During Alexander Bustamante's first term in office he also held the position of Mayor of Kingston (from 1947 to 1948) Bustamante's JLP also won Jamaica's second general election (held in 1949).. He was named First Deputy Leader in 1967, and led the party to victory in the 21 February 1967 Jamaican general election. Sir Alexander Bustamante, circa 1960 .